How To Cultivate Beneficial Sweet Corn


Sweet Corn
image via freepick

The technique of organic sweet corn cultivation to produce abundant crops is to do land processing, selection of quality seeds, plant maintenance, and prevention of various pests and diseases. This article will discuss these stages one by one. But earlier we had to know about what sweet corn first.

Sweet corn or so-called Zea Mays Saccharata in Latin, is one of the types of corn that is much in demand by the community. Since this type of sweet corn is easier to consume, just by being boiled or burned alone, you can already enjoy sweet corn. Moreover, this sweet corn can be used as one solution for people who have a lifestyle by consuming low-calorie sugar.

The corn plant is certainly no longer familiar in society. The way to cultivate it is also quite easy, even arguably easier than the cultivation of chili or tomato. Cultivating organic sweet corn has many advantages because in addition to this sweet corn can be used as a source of low-calorie sugar, apparently, sweet corn also has a fairly high carbohydrate content. Thus, this sweet corn can be used as a substitute for rice or wheat as a daily staple food. Therefore, it is natural if the demand of the community will consume sweet corn quite high.

The previous article has been discussed on how to easily plant corn from seeds. But to cultivate organic sweet corn, certainly, the steps taken are not recklessly. It takes some special techniques for the cultivation of sweet corn to be abundant. The following will display tips on successful organic sweet corn cultivation for abundant crops.

ORGANIC SWEET CORN CULTIVATION STEPS

Terms of growing organic sweet corn cultivation

Organic sweet corn plants are not a plant that is difficult to cultivate. This organic sweet corn has a fairly high level of adaptation, which can be cultivated both in the lowlands and highlands such as in mountainous areas with a height of 1800 m above sea level. Even sweet corn can also be cultivated in a mountainous plateau that has a height of about 3000 m above sea level. Soil condition needed, in theory, is to have a pH level of about 5-8. It is also important that sweet corn land contains adequate nutrients, namely the content of potassium, Nitrogen, and phosphate is quite high.

Selection of sweet corn seeds

At this stage, corn farmers must choose the corn seed to be planted. The selection of corn seeds is very influential on the results obtained later. The selected corn seed should be healthy, contains no disease, and quality. If you are a novice corn farmer, you can try to choose the sweetened corn seed from the already professional corn farmer and have experience in the cultivation of corn. Planting techniques as good as anything will not succeed when the seeds are used disabled and not quality.

Organic Sweet Corn Land processing

The next stage is preparing the land or media for planting sweet corn seeds. Preparations that need to be done are as follows:

The land was chopped first before use so that the soil became looser. After being a hoe, let stand the land for about 5-7 days to be winded.

Clean weeds attached to the ground

If Your land has a fairly high acid level, which is less than pH 5, you can add the Dolomite lime to the soil before use. The dose is required for example for two hectares of land, the use of Dolmit Lime is approximately a ton.

Add manure, for example, Bokashi, to improve soil fertility and so the soil contains nutrients such as potassium, nitrogen, and phosphate are sufficient.

If the land you use is a former paddy field, you can immediately plant the sweet corn seeds, and make sure you make good drainage so that the land is not flooded or you can also use the system. To help the drainage system on land. A Bedeng can be made with a width of approximately one meter, and a length between 20-30 cm.

Create a hole with a depth of about 5 cm, and make sure to adjust the distance between one hole and another. Ideal distance to plant sweet corn seed is approximately between 50-70 cm between holes so that the corn plant can develop better. In theory, ideally for one hectare of land can produce 34.000-36,000 plants.

Also read : Corn Pests And Diseases

Planting process

The planting of sweet corn seeds should be done at the beginning of the rainy season to obtain adequate irrigation. However, if you want to plant it in the dry season, make sure that the watering arrangement can run optimally. The planting of sweet corn seeds can be done by inserting 1-2 corn seeds in the planting hole that has been made. Then, cover the holes using compost, for example, Bokashi, and give enough watering. Ideally, for one hectare of land requires a sweet corn seed of about 8 kg.

Maintenance phase

After the sweet corn seeds are planted, it is necessary to do the maintenance phase so that the sweet corn seed has grown optimally. Maintenance stage can be done with the following process:

Stitching

This stage of the plant extension can be done by checking the seeds of corn that has been planted for approximately one week to ensure that corn seedlings are experiencing growth well. Also, you need to check if there is a corn seed that can not grow well, you need to revoke it and immediately replace it with a new sweet corn seed so that the growth of corn more uniform.

Weeding

At this stage, you can do a plant weeding after a two-week-old corn seed. The trick is to clean weed or weeds growing around the corn plant. Because weed that grows wild can interfere with the growth of sweet corn seeds. If you want to produce organic sweet corn, it's good if weed cleansing is done naturally using a hand and not using pesticides.

In addition to cleaning the weed that grows, at this stage, you can also perform the process of cultivating, which is the process of adding ground bumps to the trunk and roots of corn so that the stem and roots of corn are more sturdy. This stage aims to prevent the corn plant from easily collapsed. This stage of the establishment can be done when the age of the plant has reached one month.

Watering

Watering levels are also mandatory to maintain soil moisture and avoid crops from drought. The watering process can be done a couple of days. Especially if you are doing seed planting in the dry season, then the process of watering is vital to be observed so that the corn plant can grow with maximum and no shortage of water.

Fertilization

Fertilization is an important stage also to do in addition to the above stages. Although in the early planting period has been done fertilization after the corn has experienced growth you should still give fertilizer intake so that the corn plants do not lack nutrients such as Nitrogen, potassium, and phosphate that can be obtained through fertilizer. Fertilizer can be used for example Bokashi manure. The fertilization process is performed after the two-month-old corn.

Corn field
corn field image via pixabay

PEST AND DESEASE CONTROL

Pest and disease control also need to be done to avoid your corn crops from pests and diseases that can cause corn growth is not optimal. If your corn plant has been contaminated by pests and diseases, you need to do pest eradication properly. Here are some types of pests and diseases that often attack corn crops:

Cob Pest

Pests often attack parts of the corn cob. This pest can be prevented by doing processing better so that the appearance of pests can be minimized for the next planting period.

Leaf Lice

The lice are attacking the corn leaves by removing a kind of dew on the corn leaves which causes the corn leaves to change color to black. His disinbation was to use his natural enemies, the Coccinella sp, the Miscraspis SP, and the Lysiphlebus Mirzai.

Stem Borer Pest

Pests in the form of larvae attack the stems of corn by consuming corn rod. The control way can be done by rotating the cropping. Or can also do the destruction naturally by utilizing the enemy, namely Trichrogamma spp or Euborellia annulata.

Locusts

Pests are often found in paddy fields or grasslands. The way to the prevention can be done using its natural enemy, the bird or the spider.

Locusts
Loctus image via pixabay

Mouse

These pests generally appear in the paddy fields of former rice fields. The way to the prevention is by performing a mouse hunt in the nest so that the mouse does not breed much more.

Caucasian disease

The disease generally affects the corn leaves and is characterized by the emergence of lines and the color changes of corn to yellow. Even if it is severe, the corn leaves can be brown. This disease generally arises because of the planting of the outside season. The way to the prevention is to perform a proper planting period, to rotate the crop, and to choose a corn seed that is resistant to disease.

Corrosion disease

The disease appears marked with orange or brownish ulcers on the surface of the leaf. Corrosion disease can develop in temperatures of 16-23 °c and high humidity. The way to the prevention is to choose sweet corn seeds that are resistant to disease, routinely perform land clearing, and perform treatment properly.

Organic Sweet Corn Harvest Period

Sweet Corn
image via pixabay

After the corn passes through the planting and good maintenance, then corn can be harvested after the corn is about 65-75 days old. The harvest is by rotating the sweet corn cob to be separated from its stem. The rest of this corn harvest can be utilized for other things. For example for corn rod, you can use as an alternative fodder or alternate wood substitute for cooking.

These are some of the steps you need to do to cultivate sweetened corn organically with abundant crops. Also, apparently by consuming sweet corn can provide a variety of benefits for health, among others:

1. Fight cancer

Sweet corn plants are believed to contain phenolic acid and ferulic compounds that are anticancer substances, to prevent the emergence of tumors and breast cancer cells and liver cancer.

2. Sources of linoleic acid

Linoleic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid that the body needs to maintain health, increase its nutritional intake, and is used as transport of vitamin D in the body.

3. Prevents anemia and maintains immune

Sweet corn plants have a fairly high vitamin B12 content, to prevent anemia due to lack of consumption of vitamin B. Also, vitamin B can also help to keep the immune to not easily fall sick.

4. Sources of potassium

Potassium is one of the minerals that are indispensable to the body, and such minerals can be obtained by consuming sweet corn. Potassium serves to regulate fluid levels in the body, maintain balance, overcome urinary tract infections, prevent kidney stone disease, and lower levels of uric acid.

5. Fiber sources

Sweetcorn is known as foods that contain and are quite high, so it can help digestive health, prevent hemorrhoids, prevent constipation, and prevent the risk of colon cancer. Also, the fibers on this sweet corn can provide a more durable sense of satiety, so this sweet corn is perfect for use as a diet for people's diets.

6. Protein source

In 100 grams of corn, there is generally the content of 9.2 grams of protein. The proteins on this sweet corn serve to improve the performance of cells in the body, help the formation of new muscle tissues, boost the immune system, and increase levels of insulin in the body.

The benefits gained from the consumption of sweet corn are still many more. Therefore, you should not hesitate anymore to consume this sweet corn. Because besides being able to add to your income coffers, corn turns out to also have a variety of vitamins and minerals that can provide benefits to the health of the body.

Let's read more articles in this blog to increase your knowledged.

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