Hybrid Corn Cultivation Method


Hybrid Corn Cultivation Method
image via freepick

Planting Corn Hibryd has a very promising market, because corn is one of the food crops that became our agricultural flagship.

Corn is one of the tropical plants that can adapt to the local environment. To get maximum and quality results. Hybrid corn cultivation required precise, thorough and comprehensive treatment ranging from the selection of superior seeds, land preparation, fertilization and maintenance, weed control, harvesting to post-harvest handling. Following techniques hybrid corn cultivation, quoted from tanindo.com. Hopefully Hebrida corn cultivation Guide, useful for you.

1. LAND PREPARATION

Ideal land conditions needed:
  • Soil is loose, fertile, not easily flooded with water/good drainage.
  • It has enough organic ingredients.
  • The pH is neutral to slightly acidic (5.5 – 7).
  • The ground slope is not more than 8%.
  • Altitude 0 – 700 meters above the sea.
  • The type of clay is surrounded, clay or sandy clay.
  • Areas that have an adequate water supply (water source)
  • Full sunlight (no tree or tall buildings)
  • Do the land processing well, so that the soil becomes loose and plants can grow well.

Land processing benefits:
  • Improving soil structure
  • Repairing soil aeration
  • Killing Plant destruction organisms (PEST)
  • Inhibits the growth of weeds.
  • Launching drainage (water intake and disposal)
  • It is better to take the path of West-east direction ± 150 cm wide or adjusted to the disc-Plow used, so that the drainage is smooth.

2. TYPE OF LAND TREATMENT
  • Conventional /Perfect Soil Processing, It is a processing system commonly done by farmers by plowed and manually carves and mechanically to make the soil become more loose, fertile and easily cultivated.
  • Ground TOT system (without sports), It is a minimum soil processing system to reduce costs, making it more efficient and achieved land conservation objectives.
Also read : Cultivation Of Corn Crops

3. QUALITY SEED

In determining the quality seeds can be seen from several aspects, as follows:
  • Phicycal, the size of the seed is uniform, free of mushroom/pest shed and good sprouts.
  • Morphology, characteristic nature, uniform, and resistant plant environment.
  • Growth, the initial growth of sturdy/vigor, resistant to pests and diseases, responds to fertilization and resists the Rebah because it has strong roots.
  • Result, Kelobot (Corn skin) closed tightly, large cob size, high production, high yield, seed meeting, and weight and seeds are neatly arranged.
  • With the selection of quality hybrid corn seeds, it can increase production while increasing farmers ' profits.

4. PLANTING

Manual Method

Do the planting when moist soil conditions, after rain or after being disrigate. Manually planting is done by being dug. Make hole soil with digging tools as deep as ± 3 cm, put seed 1-2 seeds to the hole and then closed with soil or organic fertilizer. Use a rope so that the cropping lines are neat and fit the desired spacing. (Spacing used is 70 cm x 20 cm)

Mechanical Methode

Planting mechanically can be done using "Planter" which is pulled tractor. Using Planter can not only be done planting but also fertilization.

5. FERTILIZATION

The fertilization is manually done using the Tugal. Make a hole next to the plant with a distance of ± 5-10 cm, then the fertilizer is inserted into the hole and covered with soil.
After fertilization does the irrigation.

Do balanced fertilization, which is fertilizing by completing all the macro elements needed plant, namely element N, element P, Element K. In order for all such elements is recommended to use NPK 15:15:15 in fertilization application.

Application of fertilization manually is as follows (per hectare): The first fertilization is done simultaneously planting by assigning 5 cm from the planting hole. The need for fertilizer, for this basic fertilizer, is: Urea 200 kg/hectare, SP36 150 kg/hectare and Kcl 100 kg/hectare or use NPK compound fertilizer Grand S-15 200-250 kg/hectare.

Agricultural Tractor
image via freepick

When plants aged 21-25 HST and 35-40 days after planting second and third fertilization is done by giving urea 200 kg/hectare or 2.5-3 grams of each plant. The second and third fertilization is done by assigning 10 cm from the plant and closing with the soil and as well as the Earthing and the earthen men.

Fertilizer Efficiency:
  • The deficiency of Fospor (element P) is characterized by reddish-purple leaves, especially in young plants.
  • The deficiency of Nitrogen (element N) is characterized by yellowish color at the tip of the leaf and develops along with the main leaf bones.
  • Magnesium deficiency (micro mg element) is characterized by the appearance of whiteness lines along with the leaf bones and often occurs purple in the lower part of the old leaves.
  • The deficiency of potassium (element K) is characterized by the formation of an imperfect cob where the tip of the cob is not full-grain, and the seeds are rare.
  • Corn cob due to Nitrogen deficiency (element N) at the critical moment, characterized by a small cob, low protein levels, and no-seed cob tip.
  • Due to the deficiency of phosphorus (element P) is characterized by small cog, dry bent with the formation of imperfect beans.
6 . WEED CONTROL

The usual manual control is:
  • Weed or grass control is done when the corn crop is 30 days after planting.
  • Weed control should be done by the herbicide.
  • Application spraying is done on the sidelines of corn plants and avoided directly exposed to corn plants (recommended to give a hood on the nozzle).
Examples of weeds that can be controlled by "NOXONE" herbicide 297SL are:
  • Cyperus sp.
  • Digitaria adscendens 
  • Paspalum conjugatum
  • Eleusine indica 
  • Panicum repens
  • Mikania sp.
  • Euphorbia hirta
  • Imperata cylindrica
  • Mimosa pudica
  • Cynodon dactilon
  • Ischaemum timorense 

7. IRRIGATION
  • Watering is an important factor in the cultivation of corn crops. Water shortage affects crop productivity. Excess water (inundated land for a long period) also causes the corn plant to die.
  • If the land used has a network of irrigation and adequate water supply then do the irrigation every 10 days by streaming it on the run and immediately removed and ensured no one is flooded.
  • If the land used is a land without irrigation or land that does not have a water supply (rivers, lakes, marshes, etc.) then watering can be done with a good irrigation system or watered manually (basically corn does not require a lot of water).
  • Make a well-digging well near the land and stream the water using the pump.
  • 10 days ahead of harvest should the irrigation be discontinued so that the process of drying cob can be accelerated.

8. HARVEST

Corn Harvest
image via freepick

Follow below tutorial:
  • Corn can be harvested in physiological cooking conditions when aged 105-115 HST on the lowland (according to varietal).
  • For the moisture content of corn seeds, low harvest then let the corn in the trunk until completely dry (± 115-120 HST). The characteristics of corn ready to harvest:
  • Klobot (Corn Skin) has a brown color
  • Black and dry hair
  • The population of dry Klobot 90%
  • Corn seeds When pressed with no-trace nails
  • There is a black dot on the Corn Seed Board

MANUAL HARVEST
  • It is recommended not to be performed (the leaf above the cob is cut) when the corn plant is 90-100 HST because it causes the decline of corn production.
  • Pick the corn that is ready to harvest from the stem and put it in the sack. Then send the corn to the house or to the warehouse to be dried or immediately knocked.

MECHANICAL HARVEST
  • On large lands and labor shortages, harvesting is better done mechanically using the Harvester.
  • Using this tool, the corn that is plucked will be immediately knocked. It is worth noting the moisture content of corn when harvesting.
  • Corn can then be sent directly to the cattle feed mill or sent to the warehouse to be lowered water levels according to the desired standards.
  • Corn can then be sent directly to the cattle feed mill or sent to the warehouse to be lowered water levels according to the desired standards.

9. TIME AFTER HARVEST
  • Corn that has been harvested, sorted. The ugly corn is separated from the corn which is good for maintaining the quality of corn and avoiding the tortuous mushrooms.
  • Once at home, corn should be dried, the goal of lowering water content to 25-28%.
  • After the corn is quite dry or has a KA 25-28%, then corn can be immediately knocked. The polishing can be done manually or mechanically.
  • In order to get a good price and then corn that has been knocked need to be dried again to get a lower water content.
  • Corn that has been quite dry (KA = 20-25%) and is kept in warehouses for later transport to markets, collector merchants or livestock feed mills.

That is the article about Hybrid Corn Cultivation Method. I hope this article will increase your knowledged.

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