Understanding About Corn Plants

Corn plants
image via freepick

Corn is a grain plant that originated in the American plain and spread to the plains of Asia and Africa through a street of trade that was attempted by Europeans. The history of corn came into Indonesia near the 16th century. The spread of corn to all corners of the world is not detached from the amount of efficacy given to humans and animals.

For example, in Indonesia, corn occupies the position of number. 2 as the commodity is very necessary after rice. Especially in the Madura region, corn is used as a basic meal.

Here are some of the benefits that can be obtained from corn plants:
  • Stems and leaves can be used as animal feed
  • Stems and leaves that are old can be made like compost plants or green manure
  • Stems and leaves can be used as firewood
  • Corn stem when processed better can be a chase and pulp (paper material)
  • Make a young corn fruit can be processed as traditional foods like Bakwan or Bergedel.
Make the old corn seeds obtained as a substitute for rice, popcorn, cornbread, flour, vermicelli, combination material of powdered coffee, biscuits, pastries, fodder, raw materials of the beer industry, pharmaceutical industry, dextrin, adhesive, the textile industry as well as others.

As the plant has a life cycle of corn from 80 – 150 days where the initial cycle is a vegetative session and the second half is a generative session. Judging from the large dimensions of corn usually has a comparison of different dimensions is between 1 m – 2 m and sometimes there is corn that has a height reaching 6 m.

Corn plants can be classified into parts of the following:
  • Kingdom: Plantae (Plant)
  • Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plant)
  • Class: Liliopsida (One/Monocotil)
  • Subclass: Commelinidae
  • Order: Poales
  • Family: Poaceae (Herbaceous tribe)
  • Genus: Zea
  • Species: Zea mays L...
Corn also can be distinguished so that 2 for the gender of the flower is male corn and separates female corn in one plant (monoecious). The male cornflower develops at the top of a bouquet and the female flowers are arranged in a cob.

Corn Flower
image via freepick

Not only that, but each flower of flowers also has a distinctive structure of flower from the tribe of Poaceae or often spoken by Floret. For the exchange, corn plants can thrive in any soil condition.

Efficacy Of Corn

Not only needed as an alternative foodstuff not only rice, but this plant is also needed in the field of industry.Both the livestock industry and the chemical industry. Industrial farms wear them for feed.

Chicken farms are one that requires so many of these commodities because it is the main feed. Well, because so the main feed is, the availability of the chicken is about to ensure the sale price of chicken.

Sometime later the price of chicken and chicken eggs so big, in fact after being traced the cause is a lack of feed supply.

Identity Of Corn

It is a plant whose age is at the base of 6 months so it is often said to be like a once-time plant. It is listed plants that have an effective sunlight usage process so that many experts study it. In its cool language is the C4 plant. Among other types of food plants, he is very easy to be enabled. Moreover, it can be planted without passing the soil processing.

Corn Plant

Corn Plants
image via freepick

Below is the specific information about corn plat, as follow:
  • This plant has a large between 2 – 25. 5 meters.
  • The trunk has a section that is near 20cm.
  • The stem of this plant has no wood vessels.
  • The books are on the stem of the leaf where the leaves are attached.
  • With a mired position hugging the stem.
  • The leaves have a leaf bone that can reach 1, 2 meters with leaf strands approximately 9 centimeters wide.
  • Between leaf bones and leaves, there are I or often spoken tongue.
  • The leaf's surface is hairy but some types do not have hair on its leaf surface.
  • The base of the plant is the base of the short fibers, so vulnerable collapsed when it arrives a large wind to the land.
  • However, he had the base of Adventist who was instrumental in helping plants always upright.
  • The depth of development of the corn base is reaching 80 centimeters above the ground, but the majority only ranges from 20cm.
  • These plants are listed plants that have perfect flowers.
  • The meaning in one plant can be found in male flowers and female flowers.
  • The male flower is located at the upper end of the plant.
  • Instead, the female flowers are located at the tip of the cob.
  • The cob is the place for this fruit to dwell.
  • It develops in the armpit (between the leaf and stem).
  • In one plant, the number of fruit cob obtained between 1 – 5 pieces.
Plant breeding is an effort to increase plant productivity with the methods of conducting refinement, hybridization, and genetic engineering.

The Scientific Name Corn

Corn has the scientific name, Zea Mays. Zea Mays is also the Latin name. Corn is a food plant whose age has been quite old.

Moreover, some say if 7000 years later it has begun to be cultivated. Mexico is where the world's oldest corn cob is found. So the place is so the web has. The ancient man who lived in the cave had begun to consume this meal in his daily life.

Classification Of Corn

How about the classifications? Below is the classification of this plant:
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Ordo: Poales
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Genus: Zea
  • Species: Zea mays
Content of Corn

Why is it the second most foodstuffs after rice (in Indonesia)? None other than this is because it has a large carbohydrate content (reaching 63%). Or more than half of the nutrient content in it is carbohydrate. The large carbohydrate content is also accompanied by a large number of calories, up to 307 calories per 100 grams.

Afterward, there was water (24%), protein (7, 9%), Calcium (9%), Fat (3, 4%), Phosphor (148mg), iron (2, 1mg), Vit A, Vit B1, and Vit C.

With the composition of the contents listed above until it can be concluded if this plant has some efficacy (not just the like food) is:
  • Protecting the heart is always healthy
  • Good for eyes because it has vitamin A
  • Raising energy for the body
  • Source of fiber and reduce constipation
  • There is a nutrient fit, in fact, can avoid the growth of cancer
  • Beneficial for a diet with weight loss method
  • Help healthy digestive cause to increase germs good in the intestines
  • Freedom from gluten that means good for diabetes
Sweet Corn

Among the many types, there is a very beautiful one, is sweet corn. This sweet type has a sweetness that is greater than the usual type. So, many use it for vegetable soup, stewed and seasonings. Moreover, this is the first one that wears a variety of drinks.

Not only that but also many industries that use it for syrup or sugar. Which is often reserved for the Diabetes. Because of its popularity, the international seed companies produce many seeds of this type. For farmers, planting this sweet type is also beneficial. Once harvested and brought to the market, until the trade is immediately discharged.

So, that is an article about Understanding About Corn Plants. Hopefully, it will be useful to you.

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