6 Strategies For Rice Cultivation In Disease Control


6 Strategies For Rice Cultivation In Disease Control
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Rice is one of the creation items in the biggest agrarian field in Indonesia. This is on the grounds that a large portion of the individuals of Indonesia expend rice as their staple food.

Regardless of whether the rice stock in the National Barn is slight, the administration keeps on endeavoring to satisfy it. Since nearby creation is lacking, unavoidably the legislature needs to import rice from neighboring nations. Along these lines, ranchers keep on contending to deliver however much rice as could reasonably be expected.

Be that as it may, similarly as with different yields, rice is likewise normal to have bombed crops. This is because of different elements, running from the executives, seed use, bug issue, etc. Ranchers should realize the correct technique in overseeing rice crops. Here are 6 rice development systems to control the illness that ranchers can do

Selection of rice varieties

One of the ways that rice management is cheap, easy, safe, and effective is to use disease-resistant varieties. This is due to the disease-resistant rice varieties that can suppress the progression of pathogens that damage crops and result in losses.

In Indonesia, several types of rice varieties are resistant to disease:
  • Bacterial leaf blight varieties (HDB) are often referred to as crackle disease. This variety consists of several types, such as Angke, Code, Inpari-4, Inpari-6, and Inpari-32.
  • Tungro resistant varieties, such as Tukad Balian, Tukad Petani, Tukad Unda, Kalimas, Bondoyudo, Inpari-36 and Inpari-37.
  • The superior varieties are resistant to brown planthoppers, such as Inpari-13 and Inpari-33.
  • New superior varieties are resistant to blast diseases, such as Towuti, Situ Patenggang, Batutegi, Inpago-6, Inpago-7, and Inpago-8.
By conducting the rice varieties selection as needed, farmers have implemented a true rice cultivation strategy since the beginning.

Use of healthy seeds

If you want to get the result of good crop production, we recommend using a healthy seed. This is also no exception to rice crops because the seed contains genetic material that regulates the overall growth system.

Also, the seeds of plants also carry beneficial and harmful microorganisms (pathogens). Both groups of microorganisms influence the quality of seeds, seeds, and plants.

High-quality seeds can produce a healthy plant. That is why seed quality affects the initial growth of rice crops.

Healthy rice seeds usually have a bright yellow color, not experiencing grain discoloration or no black patches.

To perform the quality assessment of rice seeds, we can put the rice seed into a solution of salt 3% or ZA solution with a ratio of 1 kg of ZA fertilizer to 2.7 liters of water. If the seed is drowned, it means it is good to plant.

Land management

All types of crops, including rice, require good soil management. Soil processing can increase the water absorption rate as well as reduce the amount of solid soil in the plant rooting area.

The plowed land can emit toxic gases and experience leaching. Soil pores are formed to improve the flow of air to improve the process of crop residue decomposition.

When the rice field is hacked, there will be an increase in the diffusion of gas O to the ground. CO2 will also come out of the ground, so the accumulation of CO2 does not interfere with the life of the plant rooting ecosystem.

Life systems of microorganisms formed increasingly complex to maintain a natural balance of soil ecosystems. Therefore, it is not surprising if the soil treatment has a big impact on the development of rice crop disease.

Soil provides nutrients and water needed for plant growth. Soil with good quality usually contains water, oxygen, and sufficient nutrients in the area of the root.

Provision of organic matter

The use of inorganic fertilizers continuously has a less good impact on the soil. Some of them are decreasing levels of soil organic matter, environmental pollution, declining soil microorganisms activities, and soil compaction.

Organic materials are needed by the soil because organic material is a substrate for most of the soil microorganisms to grow and develop, so the population increases.

Therefore, farmers are strongly encouraged to use the remaining straw harvest to be applied to the soil as a source of organic matter. This will encourage the improvement of various types of microorganisms that can maintain soil quality. Naturally, this condition can control certain organisms, including plant-carrying microorganisms.

Planting time and distance

Rice planting time should be adjusted to the environment. It is recommended that rice planting time is not much different from planting time in the surrounding area. If rice is not taken in unison, then the rice is susceptible to illness, especially a disease transmitted by wind or insect vector. Also, rice planting that does not follow the same planting time as other rice usually tends to be targeted bird pests.

For the distance of crops, rice plants should be planted not too tightly so that the humidity and temperature around the plant environment are not too high, especially rice plants that have many tillers and densely leafy. Moisture and high temperatures in the rice planting environment can trigger the development of diseases that tend to damage the stem and rice stems.

Plant watering

Watering is one of the most important things and cannot be ignored in the cultivation of rice crops. A different way of watering affects the physical environment of plants. Land inequality creates a plant growth environment with high humidity.

To lower the moisture growth environment of plants, farmers can do irrigation. This of course becomes one component of the disease control of rice plants that are susceptible to infected when the humidity of the planting environment is high.

I hope this short article will give an added value to you.

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