Rice Cultivation To Obtain Optimal Results


Rice Cultivation To Obtain Optimal Results
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Rice is a type of food crops that have an important role as world food crops. Rice as a producer of rice is classified as a type of grass-herbaceous plant (Poaceae). The increasing demand for rice making so important the role of rice cultivation, especially in Indonesia. Indonesia includes the country with rice staple food and the largest rice consumption. Amin of the challenges that arise in rice cultivation is declining land productivity due to the implementation of a cultivation way that does not pay attention to the state of environmental factors and is not sustainable.

Continuous use of land can make a decrease in land function in the provision of various nutrients needed by plants. There are various ways to increase land productivity. But the application of good cultivation is a staple condition in increasing crop productivity, especially rice.

Quality Seed

Seed quality is the key to success in rice cultivation. Qualified seeds can adapt, have rapid growth and uniform, grow faster, and high production value. Selection of quality seeds can be done easily, namely by soaking the seed in a saline solution by using an egg indicator. Place the eggs on the water base and enter the salt until the egg is raised on the surface. Then eggs are taken and enter the rice seeds. The floating seed is discarded.

Nursery

Seedlings can be seed done 25 days before planting time. The place for the nursery is cultivated equally or not too far from the land to keep the process fresh. The most noteworthy is the drainage should be good so that the seeds are not excess water. The land was made with and hoe until there was no land chunk anymore. Seeds should be soaked before planting for 2 x 24 hours to be able to absorb water with the maximum for the initial process of germination. Before the land was given a small amount of organic fertilizer for nutrient supply. The seed that has been germinated evenly, but does not get to sunset because it can cause pathogenic infections in the seeds. The next civil is given organic fertilizer back after a 1-week nursery.

Land Processing

Land processing aims to change the physical properties of the soil to re-hard layers into data and Lumpur. This will make the weed die and rot into humus, soil aeration to be good, the underground layer being saturated water that can save water. Two weeks before the land processing should be given the organic material in the form of manure 2 tons/ha and compost straw 5 tons/ha evenly on the land. Land processing can be done with 2 plows and 1 time to get optimal processed results.

Planting

There are various ways of planting rice, but more recommended by planting Legowo 2:1 (40 x (20 x 10) cm. This planting will provide a large number of populations with higher production than the conventional way in general. Also, the benefits of planting are easy maintenance, easy to arrange out of water because there is space, suppress pests and diseases because it tends to be brighter, as well as reduce the cost of fertilization.

Maintenance

The maintenance phase consists of weeding, watering, fertilizing, and pest control. Weeding is to control the growing weed to reduce the level of competition with rice. Irrigation is to fulfill the needs of rice water both in terms of quantity and quality, if the shortage can be done irrigated and if the excess can make drainage. Fertilization is the most important maintenance resistance, namely the provision of nutrients both macro and micro to fulfill the needs of plant nutrients. Fertilization should be done in a balanced and most importantly adjusted to the needs of plants and the availability of nutrients in the soil. Pest and disease control is also important to get optimal results. Control should be done naturally and sustainably according to the pests and diseases faced.

Harvest

Harvest can be done when almost whole rice grain has been yellow which is usually 33-36 days after Paddy flowering. The harvesting way can be done manually using a crescent by cutting the base of the stem or by Machine Reaper harvester to save time. Harvest is done simultaneously in one land to reduce the risk of pest attack.

Post Harvest

Is a step in determining the quality that will be made ready rice consumption. The storage stage of the harvest is also an important element for quality to stay awake, such as placing crops in places that are not too moist and immediately to be processed.

That is an article about Rice Cultivation To Obtain Optimal Results. Hopefully it will useful for you.

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